Mindboggling- Mind blogger?

A different way to think.All I learned about mind,memory,intelligence and self improvement.

Why you have to write and proceed for a fruitful life

Posted by jobinmartin on September 12, 2018

7 Years is a long time period in the life of a dog or cat, but for a human being it is a medium term period. The period I lost in between.This blog has been dormant for almost 7 years now.

The 7 years of my life has not been lost, but when I look back at those years,some time could have been spent on writing mindblogger, it would have been fruitful. Some signs say : Stop and proceed, I stopped but didn’t proceed.

I am an ardent reader, but my interests are not constant. At one period of time I maybe reading a classic, soon my interests turn to self improvement, philosophy, stock trading and so on. I am a drifter as some people may call it. Drifting through emotions, though periods of relative dryness, happiness, sadness, elation.

You can see many instances where people draw ideas and inspirations from thin air. Some desires love to go into hibernation, but those desires would still burn deep inside you, waiting for the right time to come out. My desire to write has been inside me, waiting for a spark.  The spark has become a wildfire now and I cannot withhold my yearning to write.

People have different motivations for performing certain tasks. Some people work for money, earning tons of money maybe their motivation. Even a selfless aid worker may have a motive of being appreciated. A writers motivation is readers.The desire to be heard, to be read and commented on. A writer has to write his hearts content, not some manufactured stuff. There is no pointing writing about the stuff you don’t love.

As the years went by, we have changed a lot. Now we have the most modern gadgets in our hands. Facebook has conquered the social media. I have read some very good articles on facebook . Writing on social media is the way forward, but the problem lies in the reach of the posts. On wordpress and other blog platforms your articles will be read by an interested person on the subject. Social media posts with the share option will spread like wildfire, bringing in all the rubble of the society, who have no idea about what you have written about.So I will stick to the time tested writing medium, and will blog on.

Penning down your thoughts can have many benefits. You maybe reading a lot, but writing a blog will help you have memories. I like to have my memories back….


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The Pathology behind a criminal mind.

Posted by jobinmartin on August 25, 2010

How do criminals and saints evolve?If you cannot blame a person  for his misdeeds  or praise a person for his accomplishments what is the point in living a life?These were some of the questions which perplexed my mind for quite a long time.“No one is born as a criminal or as a saint”,this is a proverb which has been repeated over ages. Does this  have any meaning, if it has a meaning how can we deduce the outcome from this sentence?

Now I have got the answer to this question, and it is really interesting.To understand more of this complex phenomenon we have to go through some simple reasoning.

Difference between a smoker and non smoker

Do you know the difference between a smoker and a non smoker? The difference between them started from the common dilemma they had. The common point connecting them is that at some point in their life, they faced the same dilemma, Should I smoke?.Those who decided to go with their desire became smokers and others non smokers.Non smokers can be of two types, either they  had a very strong will or they were having a really indecisive mind.Their indecisive mind would have prolonged their desire to smoke from time to time, and they could never muster the courage to indulge in smoking, for the fear of being caught red handed.The decisions of smokers would have been affected by a lot of external factors like friend circle and state of mind.Many chain smokers would have been smoke haters if they had escaped that fateful moment, the day of first puff! Once they took the first puff, the big wall which separated them from the wretched smokers had crumbled. Now the greatest barrier which held this man from smoking had been broken,his inhibition has blown away.Once the barrier has been overcome there is no looking back.The first few days would be filled with fear and guilt but soon it will disappear.

The story of the smoker holds true for every other vice in life.If you ask a chronic alcoholic, he will talk about his first drink.Ask a person who indulges in multiple sexual relationships, he will talk about his first encounter and represent it as his stepping stone to success.

If you ask a smoker who quit,”How did you manage to quit smoking?” He will say that his courage to withhold his first puff held him for so long.Had he taken the first puff, his motivating factor would have disappeared and he would have fell into his old vice again.

The Principle of reward and punishment

The principle of all this lies in the reward -punishment system which controls  of our actions.When your actions are rewarded you are most likely to do it again,whereas if you are punished, you are less likely to perform this act.

How one becomes a criminal.

When you are about to indulge in an act which is widely perceived to be a taboo,conversation within your mind goes like this:

” This is a very bad act, I shouldn’t perform it.”

” Why shouldn’t I, most of my friends and a lot of others do it.”

“I shouldn’t do this because I have some moral values.”

This inner conversation may go on for a few hours or may stretch  even to several days.Suddenly you gather all your courage to beat your conscience and do the act.You fell guilty and miserable for a few hours.Eventually the guilt wanes, and when your next chance to perform the forbidden act comes, the inhibition will be much less.After a few days you will be performing this activity daily and can feel normal.This is how criminal minds work, they all faced the dilemma, their inhibition is now gone, they live the life which is  normal in their own perspective.When they see blood or when they rape, they see it as a system which rewards them for their act.

Now consider a scenario, when you were caught red handed in your first act itself.The chances of you performing the act again will be much less, unless you are a very stubborn person.If this punishment happens the earlier, the better.As time goes by the role of punishment in reversing the act declines.Like a child who fears the cane of his teacher,every man fears the long arm of the law. As the child grows up his fear for the cane declines and eventually disappear,same in the case of a criminal facing the law for the first time and the tenth time!This is the role punishment has in our day today lives.

How to live a successful life in your own standards.

So if you are a person having clear ideals,you can lead a life you wanted to live by holding back your desire, don’t break the barrier you set for yourself.Remember this a person who is having a bad habit for quite a long time, he may not have any guilt. He or she  sees the act as quite normal,just like a prostitute who lost her inhibition after quite a long time of indulgence, they may invite you.So keep your virginity in matters you consider as a taboo. This is how you can lead a successful life in your own standards!

P.S Indeed there are born criminals, having defects in their chromosomes, highly aggressive people. But those anomalies are only a few in millions.This post is all about choices we made in our life.

Posted in ideas, Philosophy, Self improvement | Tagged: , , | 9 Comments »

How views of others influence our thoughts and actions

Posted by jobinmartin on August 24, 2010

”   Watch your thoughts, they become words.
Watch your words, they become actions.
Watch your actions, they become habits.
Watch your habits, they become your character.
Watch your character, it becomes your destiny”

Lao Tze

I came across this quote while surfing through stateofmindz blog. Reading this quote was like discovering something which I knew from my day today experience. The quote in itself conveys great ideas but there was something missing,Something I had been searching for such a long time.Now I have the answer to what I was searching, I had something to add to the quote.

Another version of this quote can be read as:

“Thoughts of others become their words
Their words influence our thought
These thoughts influence our words
These words influence a lot of others”

Haven’t you noticed how the thoughts and actions of others influence our behavior? When we hear an opinion on a subject, which we never thought of before, it becomes our opinion. So when someone else talks on this subject we too give an opinion, the other person’s version( The first person who talked on this subject). If the first person who talked to us on the subject was having some vested interest, and if we believed his opinion without doing any research a lot of others are going to be doomed. This is how the train of thought travels.

This type of thought manipulation occurs all the time and we are not even aware of this. When a friend talks about a movie and presents his opinion,” Man, that movie was wonderful” just because he is the greatest fan of the hero, who infact did a very bad job, our thoughts too become just like his. When someone else asks, we may just say, “It is a wonderful movie”.Thought manipulation of this form may be harmless, but when it comes to more  serious subjects it becomes detrimental.

Political views,views on love, family integrity, honour and a lot of others subjects are most prone to thought manipulation.

A friend of mine and I had this interesting talk on love vs arranged marriage. He was a person who had his love crushed by his parents, and his views were really changed this time. He said” Love marriage is like poorly planned robbery”. I had no opinion regarding this subject and the thought became deep rooted in my mind. So next time the subject came up, even though I had no clear idea, I gave away my opinion” Love marriage is like a poorly planned robbery”, it immediately got a great deal of attention. What I did was just absurd, now not only me but a lot of other people were having this belief. The only way we can get out of this type of manipulation is by doing a study on the subject, or by asking someone who was a master on this subject. So what I did next was, I asked another friend of mine who was leading a married life with his long time lover. This person had another version for me  “Living with a known devil, is much better than living with an unknown one”. Man, these guys have a hell lot of ideas! This time I am not going to be tricked, I will believe when I have an experience, when I understand really what I am thinking about or going to talk about.

If we don’t pay enough attention in this regard, there is high chance that our views will be biased on any subject we are not proficient enough to give an opinion.

Posted in Philosophy | Tagged: , | 3 Comments »

Inequality among the equals and how it may pave way for extremism in Modern India

Posted by jobinmartin on August 23, 2010

The emergence of new world naxalism in India will be the next big cause of worry for administrators of modern India.Naxalism which is affecting a great part of India has now been attributed to denial of rights of  ingenous population of the country.Deforestation, mining activities, snatching away the lands from righteous hands have all lead to the current situation India is facing now.

Though the government is trying to solve inequalities in one end, it starts developing at another end.This time the govt is to blame for their own actions.The different commissions set up for pay revisions and providing reservations are the main cause which will be leading to unrest in the educated sections of this country.There is growing unrest among different sections of the society regarding the payscales and the work they do for the nation.

The UGC scale which has been implemented in colleges is a main cause, which has spread inequalities in distribution of wealth throughout the country.Ask any college students, what their Professors are doing, then you will get the real picture. Most of the so called professors will be taking an hour or two of class and the rest of the time in college can be spent in any way they like(gossiping, sleeping,reading newspaper). Atleast this is the case in most of the colleges, excluding a select few premier institutions. Though UGC has put strict recommendations regarding the working hours , these are almost never followed.So what this payscale revision has done is more harm than good. This makes people think, Why do I have to work so hard to earn daily bread as these people earn lakhs in a month by just doing ordinary work any other educated man can do? The people who work in the IT field earn their high salary by working so hard that they don’t even get a good sleep.Doctors at medical colleges and other govt institutions too do a great job even though most institutions don’t offer UGC scale.This is called inequality among equals or near equals, because professionals like doctors or engineers who spend most of life time in studies are not earning the reward they are supposed to get. What else is needed to create unrest among educated masses?

When the government starts to implement a new policy or payscale revision it has to consider the impact it will have on other sections of the society. How it will affect the lives of other people around, who are being affected by an unprecedented increase in wealth in their neighbourhoods. A person who earns about one lakh a month( which is a great salary for Indian conditions) who does just ordinary work, can spend their salary in anyway they want. They can get admission for their children at Private Medical colleges, send their children abroad, but a luxury car go for a round the globe tour with just one or two years work.While most other people will have to work almost all their lifetime for these accomplishments.Why  can’t I be like him, I am more educated, I do more work,the only way I differ from him is that he is more lucky than I am.So why should I work so hard and just do something for the sake and just take the salary and go home?When this attitude develops in the mind of the working generation, the hopes of achieving developing goals will go down the drain.Just in the way Cannabis,Bhang, Charas and any other substance of abuse does, it will create an amotivation syndrome. A lack of drive, the drive to strive forward to accomplish the goals the country has been striving for years.

The policy of the government should be ensuring equality among the equals and not to bring inequality and disrupt the peace that linger in our minds.Right policy decisions should be taken keeping the overall equilibrium of the society, any change in policy which affects this equilibrium will result in undesirable effects which can never be undone.

Posted in Citizen Journalism | Tagged: | 3 Comments »

HLA system

Posted by jobinmartin on August 21, 2010

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Areas in brain

Posted by jobinmartin on August 10, 2010

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Human Herpes Virus

Posted by jobinmartin on August 3, 2010

Human Herpes Virus 1-8



HHVIII———–Herpes Zoster Virus

HHV IV———–Ebstein Barr Virus


HHV VI VII—–Febrile illness in children

HHV VIII——-Karposi Sarcoma

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Posted by jobinmartin on August 3, 2010

Visualize the canal as a cylinder, stretching from the deep inguinal ring to the superficial inguinal ring.[1]

To help define the boundaries, the canal is often further approximated as a box with six sides. Not including the two rings, the remaining four sides are usually called the “anterior wall”, “posterior wall”, “roof”, and “floor”. These consist of the following:

mnemonic “MALT”, starting at the top and going counterclockwise:

  • M – muscles
  • A – aponeuroses (The A in MALT coincides with the position of the wall – Anterior. Hence, it is impossible to mix up whether the direction of the mnemonic is clockwise or anticlockwise)
  • L – ligaments
  • T – transversalis/tendon


  • in males : the spermatic cord and its coverings + the ilioinguinal nerve.
  • in females : the round ligament of the uterus + the ilioinguinal nerve.

The classic description of the contents of spermatic cord in the male are: 3 arteries: artery to vas, testicular artery, cremasteric artery 3 fascial layers: external spermatic,internal spermatic,cremastic 3 other vessels: pampiniform plexus, vas deferens, lymphatics 1 nerve: genital branch of the genitofemoral nerve (L1/2)

The ilioinguinal nerve passes through the superficial ring to descend into the scrotum, but does not formally run through the canal.

Gonads (ovaries or testes) descend from their starting point on the posterior abdominal wall (para-aortically) and near the kidneys down the abdomen and through the inguinal canal to reach the scrotum. The testis then descends through the abdominal wall into the scrotum, behind the processus vaginalis (which later obliterates). Thus lymphatic spread from a testicular tumour is to the para-aortic nodes first, and not the inguinal nodes.


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Posted by jobinmartin on August 2, 2010

In the developing fetus, the ductus arteriosus (DA) is the vascular connection between the pulmonary artery and the aortic arch that allows most of the blood from the right ventricle to bypass the fetus’ fluid-filled compressed lungs. During fetal development, this shunt protects the right ventricle from pumping against the high resistance in the lungs, which can lead to right ventricular failure if the DA closes in-utero.
When the newborn takes its first breath, the lungs open and pulmonary vascular resistance decreases. After birth, the lungs release bradykinin to constrict the smooth muscle  wall of the DA and reduce bloodflow through the DA as it narrows and completely closes, usually within the first few weeks of life. In most newborns with a patent ductus arteriosus the blood flow is reversed from that of in utero flow, i.e. the blood flow is from the higher pressure aorta to the now lower pressure pulmonary arteries.
A patent ductus arteriosus allows a portion of the oxygenated blood from the left heart to flow back to the lungs by flowing from the aorta (which has higher pressure) to the pulmonary artery. If this shunt is substantial, the neonate becomes short of breath: the additional fluid returning to the lungs increases lung pressure to the point that the neonate has greater difficulty inflating the lungs. This uses more calories than normal and often interferes with feeding in infancy. This condition, as a constellation of findings, is called congestive heart failure. In some cases, such as in transposition of the great vessels (the pulmonary artery and the aorta), a PDA may need to remain open. In this cardiovascular condition, the PDA is the only way that oxygenated blood can mix with deoxygenated blood. In these cases, prostaglandins are used to keep the patent ductus arteriosus open.Without treatments, the disease may progress from left-to-right (noncyanotic heart) shunt to right-to-left shunt (cyanotic heart) called Eisenmenger syndrome.


Tetralogy of Fallot results in low oxygenation of blood due to the mixing of oxygenated and deoxygenated blood in the left ventricle via the VSD and preferential flow of the mixed blood from both ventricles through the aorta because of the obstruction to flow through the pulmonary valve. This is known as a right-to-left shunt. The primary symptom is low blood oxygen saturation with or without cyanosis from birth or developing in the first year of life. If the baby is not cyanotic then it is sometimes referred to as a “pink tet”.Other symptoms include a heart murmur which may range from almost imperceptible to very loud, difficulty in feeding, failure to gain weight, retarded growth and physical development, dyspnea on exertion, clubbing of the fingers and toes, and polycythemia.

Children with tetralogy of Fallot may develop “tet spells”. The precise mechanism of these episodes is in doubt, but presumably results from a transient increase in resistance to blood flow to the lungs with increased preferential flow of desaturated blood to the body. Tet spells are characterized by a sudden, marked increase in cyanosis followed by syncope, and may result in hypoxic brain injury and death. Older children will often squat during a tet spell, which increases systemic vascular resistance and allows for a temporary reversal of the shunt.Oxygen is effective in treating spells because it is a potent pulmonary vasodilator and systemic vasoconstrictor. This allows more blood flow to the lungs.


There are also simple procedures such as squatting and the knee chest position which increases aortic wave reflection, increasing pressure on the left side of the heart, decreasing the right to left shunt thus decreasing the amount of deoxygenated blood entering the systemic circulation.

The abnormal “coeur-en-sabot” (boot-like) appearance of a heart with tetralogy of Fallot is easily visible via chest x-ray

The Blalock-Taussig shunt (also referred to as a Blalock-Thomas-Taussig shunt) is a surgical procedure to give palliation to cyanotic heart defects which are common causes of blue baby syndrome. In modern surgery, this procedure is temporarily used to direct blood flow to the lungs and relieve cyanosis while the infant is waiting for corrective or palliative surgery.

One branch of the subclavian artery or carotid artery is separated and connected with the pulmonary artery. The lung receives more blood with low oxygenation from the body. The first area of application was tetralogy of Fallot.


Total Anomalous Pulmonary venous connection

Total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC) consists of an abnormality of blood flow in which all 4 pulmonary veins drain into systemic veins or the right atrium with or without pulmonary venous obstruction. Systemic and pulmonary venous blood mix in the right atrium. An atrial defect or foramen ovale (part of the complex) is important in left ventricular output both in fetal and in newborn circulation.

Eisenmenger Syndrome

Eisenmenger’s syndrome (or Eisenmenger’s reaction) is defined as the process in which a left-to-right shunt caused by a ventricular septal defect in the heart causes increased flow through the pulmonary vasculature, causing pulmonary hypertension, which in turn, causes increased pressures in the right side of the heart and reversal of the shunt into a right-to-left shunt. Eisenmenger’s syndrome specifically refers to the combination of systemic-to-pulmonary communication, pulmonary vascular disease and cyanosis.

The left side of the heart supplies blood to the whole body, and as a result has higher pressures than the right side, which supplies only deoxygenated blood to the lungs. If a large anatomic defect exists between the sides of the heart, blood will flow from the left side to the right side. This results in high blood flow and pressure travelling through the lungs. The increased pressure causes damage to delicate capillaries, which then are replaced with scar tissue. Scar tissue does not contribute to oxygen transfer, therefore decreasing the useful volume of the pulmonary vasculature. The scar tissue also provides less flexibility than normal lung tissue, causing further increases in blood pressure, and the heart must pump harder to continue supplying the lungs, leading to damage of more capillaries.

The reduction in oxygen transfer reduces oxygen saturation in the blood, leading to increased production of red blood cells in an attempt to bring the oxygen saturation up. The excess of red blood cells is called polycythemia. Desperate for enough circulating oxygen, the body begins to dump immature red cells into the blood stream. Immature red cells are not as efficient at carrying oxygen as mature red cells, and they are less flexible, less able to easily squeeze through tiny capillaries in the lungs, and so contribute to death of pulmonary capillary beds. The increase in red blood cells also causes hyperviscosity syndrome.

A person with Eisenmenger’s Syndrome is paradoxically subject to the possibility of both uncontrolled bleeding due to damaged capillaries and high pressure, and random clots due to hyperviscosity and stasis of blood.

Eventually, due to increased resistance, pulmonary pressures may increase sufficiently to cause a reversal of blood flow, so blood begins to travel from the right side of the heart to the left side, and the body is supplied with deoxygenated blood, leading to cyanosis and resultant organ damage.

Cor Pulmonale

Cor pulmonale (Latin cor, heart + New Latin pulmōnāle, of the lungs) or pulmonary heart disease is enlargement of the right ventricle of the heart as a response to increased resistance or high blood pressure in the lungs.

Chronic cor pulmonale usually results in right ventricular hypertrophy (RVH), whereas acute cor pulmonale usually results in dilation.

Hypertrophy is an adaptive response to a long-term increase in pressure. Individual muscle cells grow larger and change to drive the increased contractile force required to move the blood against greater resistance.

Dilation is a stretching of the ventricle in response to acute increased pressure.

To be classified as cor pulmonale, the cause must originate in the pulmonary circulation system.

Nutmeg liver may result…

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Machiavellianism and Political Philosophy

Posted by jobinmartin on August 1, 2010

I heard the word Machiavelli while watching the film Find Me guilty, lead role of Jackie Dinorcio played by Vin Diesel. The word Machiavelli was used in the film, to potray the dirty tactics used by the mafia members in America during the period. When I searched for the word Machiavelli in wikipedia, it turned out to be a lot more interesting.

Machiavelli has his own ideas about power, how to attain power and how to maintain it. Though many moderates may find Machiavelli’s principles a bit crude, the tactics were apt for gaining power during his era.His surname yielded the modern political word Machiavellianism—the use of cunning and deceitful tactics in politics.Though the word Machiavellianism may not be used in our day today lives, we come across several examples in the newspapers. Indian political leaders though they may have never heard of Machiavelli are using his tactics to hold on to power.

In a letter to Francesco Vettori, he described his exile:

“When evening comes, I return home [from work and from the local tavern] and go to my study. On the threshold, I strip naked, taking off my muddy, sweaty work day clothes, and put on the robes of court and palace, and, in this graver dress, I enter the courts of the ancients, and am welcomed by them, and there I taste the food that alone is mine, and for which I was born. And there I make bold to speak to them and ask the motives of their actions, and they, in their humanity, reply to me. And for the space of four hours I forget the world, remember no vexation, fear poverty no more, tremble no more at death; I pass indeed into their world”.

Machiavelli studied the way people lived and aimed to inform leaders how they should rule and even how they themselves should live. To an extent he admits that the old tradition was true – men are obliged to live virtuously as according to Aristotles Virtue Ethics principle. However, he denies that living virtuously necessarily leads to happiness. Machiavelli viewed misery as one of the vices that enables a prince to rule Machiavelli states boldly in The Prince, The answer is, of course, that it would be best to be both loved and feared. But since the two rarely come together, anyone compelled to choose will find greater security in being feared than in being loved. In much of Machiavelli’s work, it seems that the ruler must adopt unsavory policies for the sake of the continuance of his regime.

Our leaders who make us feel miserable, have some of the traits of Machiavelii in them, they make us feel powerless, insecure just to continue their reign. Time has come for people to wake up and join hands, to save our world from modern Machiavelli’s.

Posted in Philosophy, Uncategorized | Tagged: , | 2 Comments »

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